When considering installation of new elevators for your building, there are many factors to be considered. Elevator size and load capacity are the most important of these. Choose the wrong size, and you would have simply made a poor investment. The size is determined by many sub-factors such as your commercial building’s design, the number of floors, total number of passengers, waiting time, usable areas in each floor, and the height of each floor. Find out why this is such an important factor and what matters the most when evaluating your elevator’s size. The load capacity is also closely related to the size of the elevator.
Factors Affecting Elevator Size
The size and number of elevators for your building will depend on many factors. While your building’s design is crucial to the choice, it is something to be addressed by the engineers. The other two factors where your role will be important are the number of people that will be using the elevator system and the passenger waiting time.
Number of Users
Depending on your building’s size and how many people work or live there, the size of the elevator is going to make a huge difference. Consider how many people are going to use the building. You will also have to keep in mind that not everyone is going to go to the same floors at the same time.
- A building can have single or multiple tenants. You may have a single office or multiple offices in the same building.
- Occupation is going to vary in both the cases.
- The users can also have different office timings.
- The number of people working in an office will also depend on the type of business it is. For example, corporate offices are going to have fewer employees than call centers.
- You should also meet the building codes when considering the size and number of elevators for your building.
It can be a complex procedure to evaluate all these factors to determine the right elevator size and numbers for your building. You will also have to analyze the traffic and the peak travel numbers for different floors. The size and number of elevators affect the waiting time for the users.
The size of your elevator is also going to affect the waiting time for the users. Since users in office buildings tend to be more impatient than those in residential buildings, waiting times are often double in the latter. Studies show that waiting times of 20 seconds or less are optimal for office buildings. You should choose elevator sizes that can serve the highest-possible number of people keeping these waiting time figures in mind. Besides elevator size, number of elevators will also affect the waiting time.
The elevator size and numbers should be determined based on providing the lowest-possible waiting time during the peak traffic times. This is the time when most of the users are going to need the elevator. It is also important to maintain economic viability when choosing the number of elevators.
The larger the elevator size, the fewer the number of units that will be required to meet the optimal waiting time limitations. Thus, you can reduce the number of elevator units, the demand for electricity, maintenance, and operational costs. Larger number of elevators also occupies a larger floor area, which could otherwise be used for other productive purposes.
Elevators are also required for carrying special equipment like wheelchairs. Thus, size plays an important role in the choice of elevator systems in commercial buildings. In fact, it is also a crucial factor when choosing elevators for residential buildings.
Author is an experienced and licensed installer of commercial and Residential Elevators. He has served hundreds of clients throughout Calgary and nearby areas over the years and has experience working on different types of systems.