While ensuring a proper drainage system in your garden or backyard, the retaining wall stone can add a perfect landscaping. As these can control the water flow excellently and withstand soil erosion, people living in hilly and rainy regions build the retaining walls so that rainfall does not scatter the soil around creating a messy look. Before designing your wall, it is important to consider the topography, rainfall and dimension of the wall. A professional in this niche will be able to help you out in putting up the proper sized wall so that you can enjoy various activities like having an al fresco dinner, playing croquet or maintaining garden.
Choosing Mortared Stone for Retaining Wall
Although costlier than poured concrete, interlocked concrete blocks and pressure-treated pine, the mortared stone is the best material for retaining walls. The concrete walls have even texture and sleek contemporary look, but the retaining wall stone has a rustic and vintage look like that of stacked timber walls. The stone walls will last decades, have great moisture soaking ability and leaves little room for any error while installing.
An engineer skilled in masonry is preferred for building any wall that is above four feet in height and although the installation steps are not DIY; their low maintenance qualities are worth every penny. Besides being efficient choice in regions with elevation changes, the stone walls are made up of stones of different colours and shapes for visual appeal while ensuring structural integrity and levelled base.
How to Build Retaining Wall Stone
Before incorporating the retaining wall stone, have a clear idea about the length and height of the wall, whether it will be slanted and if yes, then how much it will get slanted. The components of the wall play a vital role in its functionality such as the drainage stone prevents water-clogging behind wall while the filter fabric keeps it safe from clogged soil. The weep hole dug at a regular interval of 6-8 feet ensures drainage and the reinforced footing adds support to the wall.
#1. Designs Matter: The landscaping design and retaining wall construction are indirectly related to each other as the textures, mosaic effects and wall climber plants on the wall add to the overall look of the garden. The retaining wall stone can be constructed in a terraced pattern where the wall height increases gradually from the lower grade.
For more creativity, you can even go for curves instead of building straight walls –set its layout with a rope or the garden hose and then shovel through following the curve in the soil. Another cool way is to combine lifestyle with the walls, for example, create raised spaces in a design of a seating area or a platform for keeping planters.
#2. Proper Drainage: In case of sloped walls, water often erodes the foundation and therefore, while building the base of the retaining wall stone, you should pass the drainage pipe along wall. As the mouth often gets clogged with soil, debris and dirt, you can cover it with a netted screen or cloth so that for regular maintenance or cleaning, you do not have to dig the pipe out of the soil, thereby weakening the foundation of the wall.
#3. Style and Finishing Touches: You can add large stones or modular stone blocks for levelling a steep descent and use the retaining wall stone to create terraces for games and entertainments at the backyard. You can dig into a sloped area and line its ledge with the interlocked stone blocks to create a patio adjacent to the wall. The sidewalk or driveway can be separated from the flower beds or main door with the stuccoed stone blocks and for a unique look, you can even add timber to the wall for a hybrid edge beside the gravel driveway.
With the above-mentioned steps, you should also adhere to the construction codes of the state regarding the dimension. Landscape lighting, outdoor fire grill, water feature and various other elements can add durability to the retaining walls. Look out for cracking, algae formation and leaning tendency so that necessary repair work can be carried out timely.